was the first concentration camp established in Nazi Germany - the
camp was opened on March 22, 1933. The first inmates were
primarily political prisoners, Social Democrats, Communists, trade
unionists, habitual criminals, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses.
KZ Dachau served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi
concentration camps that followed. Its basic organization, camp
layout as well as the plan for the buildings were developed by
Theodor Eicke and were applied to all later camps. In total, over
200,000 prisoners from more than 30 countries were housed in KZ
Dachau, more than 25,000 prisoners are believed to have died in
the camp and almost another 10,000 in its subcamps. (Material
licensed under the GNU
Free Documentation License from Wikipedia).
In 1933 approximately nine million
Jews lived in the countries of Europe that would be occupied by
Germany during the war. By 1945 two out of every three European
Jews had been killed by the SS Men. The
Holocaust was the systematic annihilation of six million Jews.
The number of children killed during the Holocaust is not
fathomable and full statistics for the tragic fate of children who
died will never be known. Estimates range as high as 1.5 million
murdered children. This figure includes more than 1.2 million
Jewish children, tens of thousands of Gypsy children and thousands
of institutionalized children.
- Louis Bülow